::: 您目前的位置: 首頁 / 研究計畫

 

 

 

 

 

計畫名稱: 奈米科技之風險感知及政策研究
計畫編號: EPA-99-U1U1-02-101
出版年月: 2010/11
委辦機關: 環保署
計畫主持人: 鄭尊仁
共同計畫主持人: 林宜平, 陳美芳
執行機構: 國立臺灣大學職業醫學與工業衛生研究所
中文摘要:
本計畫旨在探討奈米科技的風險感知與相關政策,透過文獻收集與回顧,收集世界各國或國際組織進行奈米風險感知研究的研究方法、問卷內容與研究結果,以及歐美等國管制單位有關環境、健康與安全的相關政策。本計畫設計問卷,並收集不同利益團體對奈米科技的意見:包括一般民眾(N=1737);大學生(N=163);職場安全衛生師(N=136);以及公衛與風險專家(N=45)。本研究結果發現台灣一般民眾(消費者)對奈米科技應用的態度,取決於消費者對奈米科技的利益與風險感知,而消費者對奈米科技的利益與風險感知,則受消費者對科技的態度、奈米科技的知識,以及對相關機構的社會信任所影響。此外,本計畫也比較民眾、大學生、職安人員與風險及公衛專家對奈米科技的風險及利益感知,和前一年度(2008年)有類似的發現,亦即專家較關切奈米微粒吸入與環境污染的風險,而民眾、大學生與職安人員則更關切食入與皮膚接觸的風險。雖然從2008到2010年,由於調查方式不同,調查結果很難做跨年度的比較,不過本計畫初步發現,台灣民眾對發展奈米科技的樂觀程度,有下降的趨勢,值得奈米科技國家型計畫與研發單位特別留意。本計畫建議台灣在發展奈米科技的同時,需隨時留意各國政策的發展,並且盡早研擬管制方案。

英文摘要:
This project was to explore the risk perceptions of nanotechnology and to review related regulatory policies. We reviewed and collected research of risk perception and regulatory policies of nanotechnology in many countries and international organizations. We designed a core questionnaire concerning the perceptions of nanotechnology to collect the opinions of different stakeholders. We conducted several surveys, including the general population (N=1737), college students (N=163) in classes, occupational hygienists (N=136), and risk and pubic health experts (N=45). The results indicated that attitude to nanotechnology of the general public (consumers) was decided by the risk and benefit perception of nanotechnology. The risk and benefit perception of nanotechnology, on the other hand, was determined by the attitude to technology, knowledge of nanotechnology, and social trust of related agencies. Furthermore, we compared risk and benefit perception of the general public, college students, occupational hygienists, and risk and public health experts. Our findings were similar to the survey results in 2008. The experts in Taiwan were more concerned of the inhalation and environmental pollution of nano-particles, while the general public, college students and occupational hygienists were more concerned of the ingestion and dermal contact of nano-particles. Though there were different survey methods from 2008 to 2010, it was hard to compare the results longitudinally. Our preliminary findings indicated that the optimum of developing nanotechnology in Taiwan had been decreasing. It might be an alarm for the national project and research institute of nanotechnology. Our study suggested that it is urgent for the Taiwanese regulatory agencies to monitor the new regulations in the international contexts, and to formulate the regulations of nanotechnology.
計畫報告連結:
資料庫分類: 環保署、環境暴露及控制、職業暴露評估、風險認知與溝通、風險管理、多重途徑、多重奈米物質、環境奈米物質、報告、消費者、一般居民、工業/研究作業員、技術研究者、一般民眾、工程/人造/非故意發生、工作場所
下載檔案:
文章分享到
分享文章 到 facebook 分享文章 到 Plurk 分享文章 到 to Twitter

 

網頁更新日期:2016/06/15